Chapter 2 Chemical Basis of
Note: The first sections of the chapter are
basic chemistry. Since most of you have taken chemistry, I will not
be covering this information. Those who are taking chemistry currently
may find it helpful to read this information. What I expect you to know from the first section of the chapter is listed on the The Basic Inorganic Chemistry handout. The section of the chapter
“Chemical Constituents of Cells” is where I will be focusing.
Your studies should also be focused on this section of the chapter.
By the end of the chapter you should have the
1. Be able to define and give an example when
Organic compounds, inorganic compounds, electrolytes, acid, base, pH
scale, buffer, carbohydrates, monosaccharide, disaccharide, polysaccharide,
lipids, fatty acid, glycerol, phospholipids, steroids, protein, amino
acid, structural protein, functional protein, active site, enzymes,
catalyst, nucleic acid, nucleotide, adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymine,
DNA, RNA, uracil, ATP, ADP,
2. All assigned reading should be read with the goal of being able to
discuss/explain the information contained in them.
Note: If you have not previously taken chemistry
or need a refresher, my suggestion is to read the entire chapter.
3. Be able to distinguish between organic
and inorganic compounds.
4. Compare and contrast carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic
acids in terms of their building blocks, structures, and functions in
5. Differentiate between structural and functional proteins. Give an
example of each.
6. Define enzyme and explain their role in the body.
7. Explain the importance of ATP in the body.
8. To aid in reviewing for the Chapter quiz, the online activities for
your text will be helpful. They cover the inorganic as well as the organic
portions of the chapter so they might be a good review.
9. Complete the Chemistry Lab as a review for your test.
10. Know all material covered in class notes.
There will be no test over this material, only
Top of Page