Skeletal System Expectations
By the end of the chapter you should have the following completed:
1. Be able to define and give an example when appropriate of:
Axial skeleton, appendicular skeleton, hematopoiesis, compact bone,
spongy bone, long bones, short bones, flat bones, irregular bones, tuberosity,
crest, trochanter, tubercle, spine, head, condyle, ramus, meatus, fossa,
foramen, epiphysis, diaphysis, articular cartilage, Sharpey’s
fibers, periosteum, endosteum, epiphyseal line, epiphyseal plate(disk),
medullary cavity, osteocytes, osteoblasts, osteoclasts, lacunae, lamellae,
Haversian system, Haversian canal, canaliculi, ossification, fractures
listed in Table 5.2 (p. 120 of Marieb hand out in "Hole's"),
fibrous joints, cartilaginous joints, synovial joints
2.The following root words/affixes should be defined and you should
be able to apply them to words from this chapter: acetab-, ax-, -blast,
carp-, -clast, condyl-, corac-, cribr-, crist-, fov-, glen-, hema-,
inter-, intra-, meat-, odont-, poie-
3. The following reading is assigned to be read with the goal of being able
to discuss/explain the information contained in them.
You will be given questions on the second practical
that cover information that is not necessarily covered in notes to see
if you have read the material
4. List the general functions the skeletal system.
5. Name the four main kinds of bones and give an example of each.
6. Given a diagram of a bone cross section, recognized and label the
following structures: epiphysis, diaphysis, articular cartilage, epiphyseal
line, epiphyseal plate (disk), periosteum, endosteum, Sharpey’s
fibers, medullary cavity
7. Histological drawings should be made of elastic cartilage, You should
be drawing it on each of the 3 magnification. Chondrocytes and lacunae
should be labeled as well as the magnification of each drawing. You
will also need to draw compact bone on all three magnifications. On
your bone drawings you should label a Haversian system, Haversian canal,
canaliculi, lamellae and lacunae. As always, for both tissues your notes
should include locations found in the body and characteristics of the
tissue used for recognition. Your drawings will be evaluated using the
same rubric as your histology “notebook”. The drawings are
due at the beginning of the first bone practical
8. Identify microscopically: elastic cartilage and compact bone. For
the elastic cartilage you wil need to identify chondrocytes, lacunae
and elastic fibers. For compact bone you will need to identify the Haversian
canal, lamellae, lacunae and canaliculi.
9. Complete the following lab activities:
You can access a pdf version of each of these
labs by clicking on the lab title above.
10. For the bone markings listed in the vocab, give an example and its
11. Describe how long bones grow using the correct vocab.
12. Explain the effects of PTH, Calcitonin, growth hormone, weightlessness,
physical inactivity (being bedridden) and body building on the bone
13. Match various types of fractures listed on the handout with
14. Research and present information on a nasty bone disease.
15. Know the symptoms and causes of the nasty bone diseases presented
in class. Also know the treatment options.
16. Identify various bones/parts of bones given a bone or a diagram.
This will be done in the form of two practical exams in conjunction
with a test over material covered in notes. The first practical will
cover the histology and the axial skeleton. The second practical will
cover the appendicular skeleton. For specifics you may click on the
practical links to the left.
17. Name the three major categories of joints (fibrous, cartilageous,
and synovial) and give an example of each type. Learn the different
types of synovial joints illustrated on page 145 of Marieb (handout
for Hole's) and be able to give an example of each type.
Note: information on joints will not be covered
in class notes but will be included on the second practical exam.
18. Distinguish between compact bone and spongy bone.
19. Explain how the development of intramembranous bone differes from
that of endochondral bone.
20. Know all material covered in class notes.
21. As a review of the chapter, it is strongly suggested that you do
the following review questions:
"Hole's" p. 165 Part A 1,2,4-6, 9-14, 16-26, Part B, Part
I also recommend you try some of the online review activites you can
access by following the Skeletal Links button then chosing the correct
chapter link from your book.
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