Urinary System Expectations
By the end of the chapter you should have the following completed:
1. Be able to define and give an example when appropriate of: kidney,
retroperitoneal, renal pelvis, renal medulla, renal cortex, nephron,
afferent arteriole, efferent arteriole, glomerulus, glomerular capillaries,
peritubular capillaries, juxtaglomerular apparatus, glomerular filtration,
tubular reabsorption, tubular secretion, urine, loop of Henle, proximal
convoluted tubule, ascending limb of the loop of Henle, descending limb
of the loop of Henle, distal convoluted tubule, renin, angiotensin II,
urea, uric acid, creatinine, aldosterone, antidiuretic hormone (ADH),
ureters, urethra, urinary bladder, micturation, detrusor muscle
2.The following root words/affixes should be defined and you should
be able to apply them to words from this chapter: calyc-, cort-, detrus-,
glom-, mict-, nephr-, papill-
3. The following reading is assigned to be read with the goal of being able
to discuss/explain the information contained in them.
You will be given questions on the second practical that cover
information that is not necessarily covered in notes to see if you have
read the material
4. List the general functions of the organs in the urinary system.
5. List the parts of the kidney and put them in order beginning with
the time the urine leaves the nephron.
6. Distinguish between the afferent and efferent arteriole.
7. Describe the glomerulus structure.
8. Compare the composition of the glomerular filtrate with that of blood
9. Explain how the diameters of the afferent and efferent arterioles
affect the rate of glomerular filtration.
10. Describe how long bones grow using the correct vocab.
11. Explain the effects of ADH, aldosterone, renin, and angiotensin
II on the production of urine.
12. Explain tubular reabsorption and why it is necessary for maintaining
13. Explain how the epithelial cells of the proximal convoluted tubule
are adpated for reabsorption.
14. Describe the effects of sodium reabsoption on the reabsorption of
negatively charged ions.
15. Explain how sodium reabsorption affects water reabsorption.
16. List some of the factors that affect the urine volume produced daily.
17. Describe the micturation reflex.
18. Explain how the micturation reflex can be voluntarily controlled.
19. Know all material covered in class notes.
20. As a review of the chapter, it is strongly suggested that you do
the following review questions:
"Hole's" p. 478-4791-3, 6,7, 9,10, 13-17, 20-22, 25-27, 32,
I also recommend you try some of the online review activites you can
access by following the urinary links button then chosing the correct
chapter link from your book.
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